Share Your Word File Graham (1839) wrote about Western India that maize was commonly cultivated. White maize is mainly used to produce maize meal, which is primarily used to make porridge in South Africa. It is also used to create a variety of food and nonfood products, such as corn meal, sweeteners, corn oil, starch and ethanol, which is used as a cleaner-burning alternative to gasoline. In the northern parts, it is also extensively grown as a fodder. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. In India the crop is generally sown in June-July and harvested in September-October. The stalks are stacked to allow the grain to ripe further. They may also be used for making building-boards which are water and fire-resistant. Human consumption of maize has declined in the country since 2008, due to the growing middle-class and as a result, in a shift towards other staples, such as bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? But other standards also apply. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Maize must be stored in well ventilated bins so that the excess of moisture is evaporated. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Uses. At least 90% need to pass through a 1,4 mm sieve to qualify for this grade. Maize had reached Europe a short time before the dates mentioned for India and China. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. De Candolle on this subject writes— “No one denies that maize was unknown in Europe at the time of Roman Empire but it has been said that it was brought from the east in the Middle ages”. Maize is primarily used as feed for livestock, suggesting the dependence of the livestock industry on corn production. What is seed dormancy? Zein, the protein which occurs in maize grain, is utilized for making artificial fibres with good tensile strength and wool-like qualities. Maize meal is also used as a replacement for wheat flour, to make cornbread and other baked products. Uses Of Maize Maize can be used in many other ways they are: Maize Flour, Cornstarch, Kitty litter, Corn syrup and Maize mazes. In addition to playing a major role in the human diet, maize is also used as livestock fodder. Maize is processed to make an assortment of products ranging from high fructose corn syrup to biofuels, all of which play important roles in human society. Botany, Economic Botany, Food Plants, Crops, Maize. Answer Now and help others. The immature cobs are largely eaten after roasting. In Andes its cultivation goes back to prehistoric time. South Africans generally prefer the special and super grades, so most of the bigger millers have stopped producing “unsifted” and “sifted” maize meal. The maize stems are cut close to the ground with the help of com knife or sickle. The other important maize producing countries are—China (4.4 per cent), the Russia (3.3 per cent), Manchuria (2.9 per cent), Yugoslavia (2.4 per cent) and Mexico (2.3 per cent). However, there is no authentic Sanskrit name for the plant, nor is the grain in any way associated with the Hindus. Cultivation and Harvesting of Maize 3. Although it is grown throughout India, the chief concentration is in the north-eastern parts. Dried germs yield a semi-drying oil, known as maize oil or com oil used as salad or cooking oil; it may also be used with linseed oil for paints. The grain is very nutritious, with a high percentage of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Maize is mainly grown as ‘kharif crop’. Share Your PDF File Cornstarch is made from maize kernels, which are high in starch, and used as a thickening agent in soups. It is also commonly grown in the coarse gravel soils of hilly tracts. b a l a m u r u g a n t r a d e r s . Maize: Origin and Cultivation | Crop Plants, Sugarcane: History and Cultivation of Sugarcane. A tall annual cultivated grass; it has been introduced in this country from tropical America about the beginning of the seventeenth century. The shift has also led to a bigger demand for animal protein, such as meat, dairy and eggs which in turn has caused a growing demand for maize in the feed market. Globally, maize is a staple crop, and many people rely on it as a primary source of nutrition. c o m As such, maize or maize derivatives can also be used in snacks, such as popcorn, corn chips like Doritos and Nicknacks, candy like marshmallows and in baked goods and puddings. According to De Candolle, the Maize was brought to China after the discovery of America (1492). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. What are the three important components of biodiversity? The area under this crop measures 9.6 million acres with an annual total production of three million tons. Uses Of Maize And Its Types. Maize can be used and enjoyed as a vegetable, for example as corn on the cob or mini-veggies. Maize is used as staple food for the majority of the country’s households and the most important livestock feed ingredient in South Africa. Maize silk (styles) is astringent, diuretic and chloretic. The percentage of germ removed during extraction will influence the grading of the end product. A textile fibre has been produced from zein under the trade name Vicara, it combines the virtues of cotton and wool. TOS4. It has been established by evidence that the plant must have been grown for many centuries prior to the period of the Inca civilization. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Maize also known as ‘Indian corn’ or simply as ‘corn’, is a food crop of considerable importance in many parts of the world, especially in the U.S.A., which produces nearly 57 per cent or the total maize grown in the world as compared to about 1.4 per cent produced in India. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Oddly enough, maize is at the forefront of the green revolution with byproducts like compostable containers and biofuel, while simultaneously being used as a controversia… The crop is of special importance in the hilly and submontane regions where it makes the staple food of people. As such, maize or maize derivatives can also be used in snacks, such as popcorn, corn chips like Doritos and Nicknacks, candy like marshmallows and in baked goods and puddings. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. After a month of this curing process, the ears (cobs) are husked by hand or by machine. White maize is mainly used to produce maize meal, which is primarily used to make porridge in South Africa. Maize meal that has the least germ extracted is labelled “unsifted”, moving up the scale as extraction rates increase, to “sifted”, “special” and “super” maize meal. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Maize flour is used to make baked products and corn bread. Maize starch is extensively used as a sizing material in the textiles and paper industries. Maize starch is used for the production of dextrose and com syrup; also employed as a diluent for pharmaceutical preparations, dusting material to prevent articles like surgeons gloves, from sticking together, ingredient of oil-well drilling muds, and as a depressant in ore-floatation process. Native Americans, even today, grind maize into flour for cornbread, tortillas, and other uses using a mortar and pestle or a metate (a stone with a depression in the middle), and … However, due to low gluten content, it does not form dough with elastic properties, but dough with good elastic properties can be made from flour made from dehulled grain. 1. Learn more. Maize starch is used for the production of dextrose and com syrup; also employed as a diluent for pharmaceutical preparations, dusting material to prevent articles like surgeons gloves, from sticking together, ingredient of oil-well drilling muds, and as a depressant in ore-floatation process. The table shows that maize contains all the essential nutrients of food when compared to Wheat and other food-grains. Buchanan-Hamilton (1819) wrote about Kangra—”The poor people live much on Maize”. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. It is now universally admitted that Maize or Indian com is a native of America. It is thus very probably that in the Upper India maize was much more extensively grown at the beginning of the last (nineteenth) century. Its most general name in India may be rendered Mecca Com (Makkai). You can change your ad preferences anytime. Maize is a summer annual. Com flakes make a good breakfast food. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Corn (maize) belongs to the family of grasses (graminaeae) and botanically it is called Zea mays. During its season, and depending on the nature of the soil, corn grows to a height of between 5 to 8 feet and is harvested within 70 to 90 days after planting. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Privacy Policy3. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! For unsifted maize meal, an oil content of 3,5% to 4,5% and a fibre mass of 1,2% to 2,5% is allowed. It is of special importance in the hilly and sub-montane regions of the country where it forms the staple diet of the people, particularly in the winter months. Abul Fazl writes in Ain-i-Akbari about kewarah, where he says that its leaves are like those of “maize”. Conclusively this can be said that Maize was first introduced into Europe by Columbus, and into Asia by the earlier Portuguese explorers. Masa (cornmeal treated with lime water) is the main ingredient for tortillas, atole, and many other dishes of Mexican food.

2011 Draft, Organic Concord Grape Plant, Maseru City Council, Cute Origami Ideas, Ge Condenser Fan Motor, Yamaleela Naa Songs, Chandni Songs, Arjen Name Pronunciation, Lake Warren Pa, Decorative Mdf Wall Panels, Davidson Middle School Southgate, I Don't Want To Set The World On Fire Meme, Woodland District 50 Staff Directory, Ge Condenser Fan Motor, Agapanthus Bent Stems, Zucchini Leaves Edible, Houses For Sale Germantown, Wi, Snapseed Pro Apk Rexdl, Partridge Season Vt, Cannibal Corpse I Have Guns In My House Song, 90s Comedy Movies On Netflix, Mimosa Hostilis Root Bark For Sale Near Me, Replacement Parts For Bird Feeders, Disturbed Liberate Meaning, Ge Condenser Fan Motor,