Up to 18 weeks of parental leave is available to fathers and mothers up to the child’s 18th birthday, but it is unpaid and limited to four weeks per year. Leave is paid by the local social security bureau, at a rate determined by comparing the employee’s average wages over the previous 12 months to the average salary within the company. Dad is often (but not always) entitled to a form of paternity leave. But “dad and partner pay” gives new fathers and partners of mothers two weeks’ pay, also paid at national minimum wage, for taking unpaid leave. Here, we take a look at the different requirements around maternity, paternity, and adoptive leave, and how they affect employers and global payroll teams. Officially, fathers are entitled to five working days of leave paid at 100%. In the absence of federal mandates, some employers offer paid leave as an added benefit. Meanwhile, France requires the employer to make a separate reimbursement claim under which monies are paid back to the company bank account — meaning the sums then need to be identified and allocated back to the cost center which bore the original charge. Last modified on Wed 29 Jan 2020 02.02 EST. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. In Sweden, by contrast, almost 90% of men take paternity leave, and in 2012 Swedish dads took almost a quarter of the total leave offered to parents. To ensure everyone understands how pay is calculated and what benefits are available to them, it’s advisable for employers to clearly document the policy document for employees. Mums who give birth at age 24 or older are considered to be “late childbirth” and are awarded additional days of maternity leave, from 30 days depending on the province. A 2013 study by the International Labor Organization examined the leave policies in 167 countries and found that 47 percent mandated some form of paternity leave. Nationally, the People’s Republic of China has adopted the minimum ILO recommendation of 14 weeks maternity leave (98 days), with flexibility for the provinces of China to add their own rules. With an impressive 30 weeks available to new fathers, on paper Japan’s approach to paternity leave looks progressive, but in 2017, just over 5% of fathers who qualified for it took paid leave, according to Unicef. By contrast, many Asian countries offer generous maternity leave provisions. Fathers and other parents are entitled to non-transferrable 5-8 weeks of leave - but only if they use some of the 35-61 weeks shared parental leave. One reason for this discriminatory practice was to help employers avoid situations where employees required time off for prenatal care, to give birth, or to nurse children. The nations differ, however, in how they reimburse employers for those payments. Imagine it’s 1899, and as a young woman, you have had the temerity to get married. Consequently, there are significant differences between the entitlements of different countries within the EU. A 2019 report by Unicef, which analysed legally protected leave for new parents in 41 of the world’s richest countries, found that 26 offered paid paternity leave, while 40 had paid leave for new mothers. The policy also applies to same-sex couples. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. However, where a government body has paid the employee directly, the global payroll team will usually need to verify this payment and reduce any company pay accordingly, so that a combination of state benefit and reduced company pay equal full pay. India passed an updated Maternity Benefit Act in 2017, which entitles a employees to 26 weeks of paid maternity for their first two births. The first 390 days are paid at a rate of 80% of salary, with a reduced rate for further days. All parents are also able to take up to 480 days of parental leave between them – 90 days of which is reserved for each of them. Once baby number three arrives, subsequent maternity leave periods are limited to 12 weeks each. The World Health Organization sees the ability to take paid maternity leave as a prerequisite to encouraging breastfeeding and recommends that countries mandate a minimum of 26 weeks paid maternity leave. The mother receives her full pay during this leave, based on average daily wages, at the cost of the employer with no reimbursement made by the state. Your employer summons you to the office, reminds you that the company operates a “marriage bar” prohibiting the employment of married ladies, and says therefore your services are no longer required. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Leave is paid at 80% of earnings. Here’s a look at paid leave for fathers around the world. The father, or non-pregnant parent, can first take 10 days paid at 78% of earnings for the birth of the child. South Africa takes a more contradictory position. In 1919 the International Labour Organization created the first global standard for protecting working women before and after childbirth: the Maternity Protection Convention. A generous employer providing full pay above and beyond what the law requires may well want to limit this so that the employee is in the same net position they would have been had they been at work. The payment of maternity grants was one of the earliest features of social insurance schemes, with the UK National Insurance Act of 1911 providing a one-off grant of 30 shillings in cases where the expectant mother had been insured for at least a year. Leading factors for not taking it were staff shortages, employers not offering it, and “unfavourable atmosphere”. New mothers in South Africa are entitled to unpaid maternity leave for four months. France and the UK, for example, expect the employer to calculate state payments and disburse them to the employee. However, eight states – California, New Jersey, Rhode Island, New York, Washington, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Oregon – and the District of Columbia – have introduced their own paid family leave policies which include parental leave paid at a percentage of the employee’s salary. Leave is tax-free and paid at 67% of earnings for the first 180 days and 50% afterwards. Where offered, paternity leave typically ranges from a couple days to two weeks, with the window for taking leave generally limited to a narrow period of time at or after the birth. While paid paternity leave (a period of absence offered for new fathers) is usually shorter than maternity leave, it is often better paid, with 16 countries offering full pay for those on average earnings. However, mothers working for an employer with less than 50 employees are not entitled to FMLA protection. In several examples above, payment for the leave comes from the state. A simple analysis of the table above might lead you to conclude that the UK has significantly better maternity leave provisions than its neighbours, but the full picture is more nuanced. America is the only developed country in the world that doesn't mandate some form of paid maternity leave. Fathers have their own non-transferrable three months of leave – as do mothers – with an additional three months that they can choose how to use between them. In many countries, “Dad” does not need to be the biological father of the child, but merely the partner of the mother, regardless of gender. Additionally, this comprehensive law requires employers to consider home working requests from employees after their maternity leave, and for employers with more than 50 employees to provide crèche facilities. This provides significant financial support to new parents and helps to ensure that most new mothers do not return to work after just 14 weeks. It shows how many weeks of paid maternity leave mothers get in different countries. All European countries offer a form of leave to be taken by mothers and, because of each country’s own legislation, the length of the leave and the pay rate varies. Leave, which cannot be split up, can be taken between the birth of the child and up to 56 days later. Paternity leave: leave from work for fathers or recognised second parents, similar to maternity leave Parental leave: leave after maternity/paternity leave which can be taken by either parent Notes on payment † MT weekly rate of €66.25 Of the maternity entitlement, the mother is only required by law to take the two weeks off immediately following the birth as a health and safety measure. However, with about 60% of men working outside the formal economy, the majority do not qualify. Many countries deem the period of “maternity leave” to be a relatively short period of time immediately before and after the birth of a child — which is often followed by a much longer period of family leave. Having bumped its paternity leave up from two to eight weeks between 2016 and 2019, and this year increased it to 12 weeks, Spain is rapidly overtaking other countries. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. The Unemployment Insurance Fund allows for the payment of adoption benefits at the same rate and for the same period of time as allowed for maternity, however the Basic Conditions of Employment Act does not allow for any leave from work for those adopting. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Providing they meet the work history and income requirements, fathers (and mothers) can each take 195 days at 78% of earnings and 45 days at a set rate of 180 kronor (about $19) per day. In Germany, for example, the 14-week maternity leave may be followed by a period of parental leave that can last for up to 36 months. Statistics gathered by the ILO show that, on average, US maternity leave lasts for 10 weeks and the average period of paid leave is only four weeks. The patter of tiny feet is certainly a blessing bestowed on any family — and a lot of potential work for the payroll department as well. Where state payments are paid directly to the employee, consideration should be given to how these might interact with the employers own pay policy. Workers who are covered by the Unemployment Insurance Fund receive a top-up benefit directly from the fund, paid at a rate between 38% and 60% of pay, capped at a maximum of ZAR 5,651 per month and payable for 121 days. However, any payment need only be an adequate allowance as determined by individual national governments. Workers who are covered by the Unemployment Insurance Fund receive a top-up benefit directly from the fund, paid at a rate between 38% and 60% of pay, capped at a maximum of ZAR 5,651 per month and payable for 121 days. This adjustment may take on a further complexity. In 2018, 17% of parents who took leave were men – but a government report found the majority still feared the impact it would have on their careers. The bureau then pays the higher of these two amounts, capped to no more than three times the average salary within the geographical area the bureau has responsibility for. In the UK, the employer claims reimbursement of 92% of the Statutory Maternity Pay (thus bearing the remaining 8% cost) by netting the recovery against the gross National Insurance Contributions collected from all employees’ pay.
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