The plant is allowed to produce two shoots at a time; a larger one for immediate fruiting and a smaller "sucker" or "follower" to produce fruit in 6–8 months. Plantains are one of many kinds of cooking bananas, which are not always distinct from dessert bananas. Health benefits of apple cider vinegar include its ability to regulate blood sugar levels, boost weight loss, improve skin & gut health, & lower cholesterol levels.Read more! Any of the treelike, perennial plants of the genus. And the interior of it is not a structure of dead cells as with wood. What they are, what they look like, along with in-depth information on nutrition and health benefits. It has been theorized that destruction of 60% of coral reefs along the coasts of Costa Rica is partially from sediments from banana plantations. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. In all seriousness, there are a few cases where types of plants, animals and other things in nature cross both boundaries so that their true origin or place in a category is confusing. So a banana “tree” is not technically a woody tree. Wood is the interior structure of mostly dead cells that strengthens the tree, allowing it to grow tall and survive multiple years. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) stated that banana production produced more waste than any other agricultural sector, mostly from discarded banana plants, bags used to cover the bananas, strings to tie them, and containers for transport.[81]. Although we refer to the plant where bananas grow as a banana tree, that isn’t an accurate distinction. Consult a medical practitioner for health problems. Though this classification now exists, most people remain unaware of it. Kid Influencers Promoting Junk Food On YouTube, Study Finds, Study Shows How Musical Training Improves Cognitive Function, Study Reveals Why Some People Show Severe COVID Symptoms, https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/42963, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228645617, 12 Proven Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar, How to Use Black Seed Oil for Weight Loss, Top 8 Proven Nutritional Benefits of Khichdi. I am the founder and main writer of AskaNaturalist.com. Especially in the Americas and Europe, "banana" usually refers to soft, sweet, dessert bananas, particularly those of the Cavendish group, which are the main exports from banana-growing countries. Let’s deal with the easy one first. The culinary definition says any generally sweet plant parts are fruits. [62] These companies were monopolistic, vertically integrated (meaning they controlled growing, processing, shipping and marketing) and usually used political manipulation to build enclave economies (economies that were internally self-sufficient, virtually tax exempt, and export-oriented that contribute very little to the host economy). Bananas feature prominently in Philippine cuisine, being part of traditional dishes and desserts like maruya, turón, and halo-halo or saba con yelo. Home remedies for weight loss include doing yoga, regular exercise, having a well-balanced diet comprising fruits & vegetables, and reducing the intake of sugar & high GI food. As with artichokes, both the fleshy part of the bracts and the heart are edible.[121]. I can see both arguments as to whether a banana is a herb or a fruit, however, as long as it tastes as good as it does, then that’s fine by me! Bananas and plantains are important for global food security. This article…, When it comes to potassium, bananas are often the first thing that comes to mind, but plenty other foods are rich in this mineral. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Dried bananas are eaten as "banana figs" and inferior fruits serve as a stock feed. But the precise reasons behind this are less known. Bananas have antacid effect to help stomach ulcers. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Worldwide, there is no sharp distinction between "bananas" and "plantains". [87], Bananas and plantains constitute a major staple food crop for millions of people in developing countries. [12][13] Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. are a purple-red pointy growth at the top the trunk. Most people think of berries as small fruits that can be picked of plants, such as strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. [1] They are easily torn by the wind, resulting in the familiar frond look. However, all types of food bring up issues of nourishment. The fruit of the cultivated banana is 40 percent skin and 60 percent starchy, sweet pulp with undeveloped seeds. [54], A second wave of introductions later spread bananas to other parts of tropical Asia, particularly Indochina and the Indian Subcontinent. The fungus has shown ever-increasing resistance to treatment, with the current expense for treating 1 hectare (2.5 acres) exceeding $1,000 per year. [91], Tropical race 4 (TR4), a reinvigorated strain of Panama disease, was first discovered in 1993. [9] Plants are normally tall and fairly sturdy, and are often mistaken for trees, but what appears to be a trunk is actually a "false stem" or pseudostem. Wild bananas have large hard seeds. Bananas aren’t the only surprising fruit to fall under the berry subcategory. [127], Banana fiber is used in the production of banana paper. In the Caribbean, and especially in Dominica where this sort of cultivation is widespread, holdings are in the 1–2 acre range. The most cultivated types of bananas in the world are Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata. What are these white spots on my larch tree? This makes them botanical berries, despite rarely being thought of as such. [11] Cultivated banana plants vary in height depending on the variety and growing conditions. [30] The old biological name Musa sapientum = "Muse of the wise" arose because of homophony in Latin with the classical Muses. More species names were added, but this approach proved to be inadequate for the number of cultivars in the primary center of diversity of the genus, Southeast Asia. Required fields are marked *, 1,239,253 Spambots Blocked by Simple Comments, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Extracting juice is difficult, because when a banana is compressed, it simply turns to pulp. Prior to 1960, almost all commercial banana production centered on "Gros Michel", which was highly susceptible. The term "banana" is also used as the common name for the plants that produce the fruit. [74], A 2008 study reported that ripe bananas fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light. [23][24] The banana equivalent dose of radiation was developed in 1995 as a simple teaching-tool to educate the public about the natural, small amount of K-40 radiation occurring in every human and in common foods. Despite its name, the strawberry isn't a true berry. 1 decade ago. Since then BBW has been diagnosed in Central and East Africa including the banana growing regions of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Burundi, and Uganda. Bananas develop from a flower with one single ovary, have a soft and sweet middle and contain one or more seeds. Most people can easily tell fruits and vegetables apart. This traditional Japanese cloth-making process requires many steps, all performed by hand. Berries are a subcategory of simple fleshy fruit (1). In other regions of the world, particularly India, Southeast Asia and the islands of the Pacific, there are many more kinds of banana and the two-fold distinction is not useful and not made in local languages. So by any definition I’m aware of, a banana is a fruit. They just have a really good taste. Juice from the stalk core is used to treat kidney stones. The aroma of the banana depends upon the esters isovaleric-isoamyl and isoamyl acetate. The fruitful things that grow on all these plants are always fruit. [20] In cultivated varieties, the seeds are diminished nearly to non-existence; their remnants are tiny black specks in the interior of the fruit. The most widely found cultivated bananas are the hybrid thermophilic species M. x paradisiaca and M. x sapientum (dessert varieties, or the so-called pisang) as well as the comparatively cold-resistant southern Chinese M. nana (M. cav-endishii). Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. All rights reserved. I’m not sure a banana qualifies for that definition. [138] Often people tie a length of colored satin cloth around the pseudostem of the banana plants. These hybridization events produced the triploid cultivars of bananas commonly grown today. The base of the petiole widens to form a sheath; the tightly packed sheaths make up the pseudostem, which is all that supports the plant. There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries. are all fruit and neither trees, bushes, vines, … [62] As late as the Victorian Era, bananas were not widely known in Europe, although they were available. were initially from naturally occurring parthenocarpic (seedless) individuals of Musa acuminata banksii in New Guinea. From New Guinea, cultivated bananas spread westward into Island Southeast Asia through proximity (not migrations). Individual banana fruits (commonly known as a banana or "finger") average 125 grams (4 1⁄2 oz), of which approximately 75% is water and 25% dry matter (nutrient table, lower right). The root and stalk are edible. Apples are fruits, not trees. [67] Cavendish cultivars are resistant to the Panama disease, but in 2013 there were fears that the black sigatoka fungus would in turn make Cavendish bananas unviable. East African Highland bananas originated from banana populations introduced to Madagascar probably from the region between Java, Borneo, and New Guinea; while Pacific plantains were introduced to the Pacific Islands from either eastern New Guinea or the Bismarck Archipelago. The Abyssinian banana (M. ensete) is grown as a food and fiber plant in Africa. by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) It would not include rhubarb, which is a plant stem and does not come from the ovary. [89][90] Some commentators remarked that those variants which could replace what much of the world considers a "typical banana" are so different that most people would not consider them the same fruit, and blame the decline of the banana on monogenetic cultivation driven by short-term commercial motives. They develop from a flower containing one single ovary, have a soft skin and a fleshy middle. A similar dish is known in the United Kingdom and United States as banana fritters. The fruitful things that grow on all these plants are always fruit. The fruit is eaten fresh and dried, and it can be used to make banana flour, canned goods, jams, syrup, and wine. The genus Musa was created by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. In many cases the farmer earns additional money from other crops, from engaging in labor outside the farm, and from a share of the earnings of relatives living overseas. Average rating 3.5 out of 5.0 based on 80 user(s). This is because the radiation exposure from consuming one banana is only 1% of the average daily exposure to radiation, 50 times less than a typical dental x-ray and 400 times less than taking a commercial flight across the United States.

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